Hip Hop: The '90s
When 1990 came along sampling was still the main force in
hip hop music with songs such as "Impeach The President" by the
Honeydrippers, "Funky Drummer" by James Brown and "Funky Worm"
by the Ohio Players being particular favourtites. Much like a
rock guitarists is expected to be able to play the main riff
from "Smoke On The Water", any hip hop DJ was expected to own
these records and know them in-and-out.
The pratice of sampling had been going on for many years with
very few legal challenges toward such blatent copyright
infringement occuring. Most record companies were usually
unwilling to take action against a group for sampling in fear
of setting a nasty preceedence. Most, if not all record
companies had bands or affiliate labels on their roster that
used samples in their music.
The practice of sampling didn't become a public issue until
Vanilla Ice was once asked why he "stole" the music from "Under
Pressure" by Queen for his hit song "Ice Ice Baby". Vanilla Ice
replied by stating that he stole nothing, the two songs are
completely different. This was obviously untrue.
By 1992 a scheme was put in place where an artist that used
samples would declare the sample and the original artist would
usually recieve a royalty.